Book

Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

Edited by Dora L. Costa

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print August 2003 | ISBN: 9780226116181
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226116198 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226116198.001.0001
Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

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The twentieth century saw significant increases in both life expectancy and retirement rates—changes that have had dramatic impacts on nearly every aspect of society and the economy. Forecasting future trends in health and retirement rates, as we must do now, requires investigation of such long-term trends and their causes. To that end, this book draws on new data—an extensive longitudinal survey of Union Army veterans born between 1820 and 1850—to examine the factors that affected health and labor force participation in nineteenth-century America. Contributors consider the impacts of a variety of conditions—including social class, wealth, occupation, family, and community—on the morbidity and mortality of the group. The chapters investigate and address a number of special topics, including the influence of previous exposure to infectious disease, migration, and community factors such as lead in water mains. They also analyze the roles of income, health, and social class in retirement decisions, paying particular attention to the social context of disability. The book offers a clear view of the workings and complexities of life, death, and labor during the nineteenth century.

Keywords: life expectancy; retirement rates; society; economy; health; longitudinal survey; Union Army veterans; labor force participation; nineteenth-century America; social class

Book.  359 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic History

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Table of Contents

Reflections on the Early Indicators Project in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

Chapter

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The Rich and the Dead in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

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Prior Exposure to Disease and Later Health and Mortality in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

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Seasoning, Disease Environment, and Conditions of Exposure in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

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The Height of Union Army Recruits in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

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The Prevalence of Chronic Respiratory Disease in the Industrial Era in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

Chapter

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The Significance of Lead Water Mains in American Cities Some Historical Evidence in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

Chapter

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Internal Migration, Return Migration, and Mortality: Evidence from Panel Data on Union Army Veterans in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

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Pensions and Labor Force Participation of Civil War Veterans in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

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The Effect of Hernias on the Labor Force Participation of Union Army Veterans in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

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